Some of the religious groups that came to the Southern Colonies were the English/British and Spanish. Some of the people that came were slaves, slaveholders, noblemen, landholders, settlers, and the farmers. There were many religions: Catholic, Anglican (church of England), or had no religion. There were lots of indentured servants until they switched to African Slaves. There were also some Quakers and Baptists, which is included in Protestant faith.
Why did they come?
Slaves came to the Southern Colonies to primarily farm tobacco, as did plantation owners also came to these colonies. Slaves were shipped here for a larger work force. Indentured servants came because the people living in these colonies persuaded them to come from England. People came for the rich soil for crops, or for the religious freedom.
There are five states in the southern colonies: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgie, Maryland, and Virginia. These colonies were an ideal place for agriculture. Tidewater washed up from the sea onto the soil and left minerals, which caused the soil to become extremely fertile. Growing seasons were longer because the Southern Colonies are farther south than the other two sets of colonies (Middle and new England). The climate was warm and moist; it was perfect for growing cash crops.
There were many things grown in these five states. Some of the things grown here were tobacco, indigo (dye), turpentine, furs, farm products, and rice. Slavery was very important because it was a source cheap, experienced labor force. Slavery was the most popular in the Southern colonies. They needed them for all of their crops. Also tilling, planting, hoeing, reaping, threshing, and pounding were things needed to be done by slaves. Slaves could have rebelled and won against their slaveholders so the slaveholders lived in constant fear. They knew that if the slaves rebelled that they would outnumber and conquer their slaveholders.
Some of the religions here were Protestants and Catholics. They governors, the Assembly, and they could receive help from England if they ever needed anything at all. The Southern colonies had the House of Burgess, or elected representatives that would meet once a year to pass local laws and to raise taxes (shouldn't they be lowering taxes?? Hmmmm.........) The settlers were outraged at the lack of government, so the representatives would help them calm down. The power of the local government to raise taxes remained heavily guarded.
When there were only 13 colonies, at one point North and South Carolina were just... Carolina. No north or south or anything. The northern parts of Carolina were being populated by colonists from Virginia. The southern parts of Carolina were settled by English colonists, who before had been living in the West Indies. Later, the state of Carolina was separated into two states: North and South Carolina.
Before African slavery, they found other ways to get a work force: indentured servants. The people living in the Southern Colonies sent out something to England that said along the lines of, if you can pay your own way to America, we will give you a 50-acre grant. They wanted a population increase. Most people couldn't pay their own way so a deal was made. A settler would pay for them, in return the indentured servants would work for years essentially as their slave until they could pay them back.
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